Open Electives: The Comprehensive Guide (Semester VI)

Radiation Physics-

This course deals with the physics behind radiation and the electronics involved in the detection.


Hydraulics and pneumatics systems-

A very industry-relevant course that deals with the working of hydraulic and pneumatic systems. Heavy on concepts.


Essentials of industrial computing-

Covers programming and web software development.

If you are interested in coding consider taking this.


Linux basics and programming-

You will learn your way around the Linux operating system with advanced topics like shell programming.


iOS Mobile application-

After this course, you will have all the skills required to build a complete ios application from the inbuilt code to the UI.

Basic Swift coding will be covered which is easy to grasp.


Introduction to Philosophy Religion and Culture-

If you are looking for a light course considering going for this. Not a lot to study but you’ll have to read and write regularly.

References: 1. Aquinas, Thomas., On Being and Essence. Trans. Armand Maurer. Canada: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, 1968. 2. John-Terry, Chris., For the Love of Wisdom: An Explanation of the meaning and Purpose of Philosophy. New York: Alba House, 1994. 3. Maritain, Jacques., An Introduction to Philosophy, London: Sheed and Ward. 1979. 4. Radhakrishnan, S. (Ed)., History of Philosophy Eastern and Western Vol.II George Allen and Unwin Ltd., London, 1953. 5. Wallace, William., The Elements of Philosophy. New York: Alba House, 1990


Create Writing-Principles of database systems-

This course deals with working on huge datasets, from storing them properly to querying them as per use.


Consider this course if you have an interest in writing. Though it will not boost your CV you will have a good time.

References: 1. Milan Kundera ., The Art of the Novel. 2. The Art of Fiction: Illustrated from Classic and Modern Texts, David Lodge 



Be ready to learn a lot of theorems and definitions.

Consider this course if graph theory is relevant to your field of interest. Otherwise, you can add it to the list of math topics you don’t need in life.

References: 1. F. Harary, Graph theory, Narosa Publishers 2. Narsingh Deo, Graph theory with applications to Engineering and Computer Science, Prentice Hall. 3. Robin J.Wilson, Introduction to Graph theory, Logman



You’ll get to solve a lot of Optimization problems with very basic math. The practice is required to score well in the end sems.

References: 1. Bronson Richard – Theory and Problems of Operations ResearchSchaum series- MGH 2. P.K.Gupta& Man Mohan – Operations Research – Sultan Chand & Sons 3. HamdyA.Taha – Operations Research PHI



Only consider this if it’s relevant for your field of interest.

The content covered is quite vast and requires work.

References: 1. Gantmocher F.R., The Theory of Matrices, Cheisea. 2. Gilbert Strang , Linear Algebra and its applications,Thomson learning 3. David C. Lay, Linear Algebra and its applications, Pearson Education


ICT 4305:   Networking with TCP/IP-

A lot of content is covered and needs remembering to properly grasp the work.


  1. Beerhouse A. F., TCP/IP Protocol Suite (4e), Tata McGraw Hill 2017.
  2. Andrew S. T., Computer Network (5e), Prentice Hall of India Pvt Ltd 2013.
  3. James F. K., Computer Networking A top-Down Approach Featuring the Internet (6e), Pearson Education Inc 2013.
  4. Beerhouse A. F., Data Communications and Networking (5e), Tata McGraw Hill 2013.


Machine learning-

This course covers quite a few machine learning algorithm with the theory involved.

Prior understanding of maths(linear algebra, probability) and stats can be useful


ICT 4306 :   Cyber Security

Cybersecurity is an amazing skill to have for every student.

In this course, you’ll learn about firewalls, cookies, SQL injection and many other interesting topics.


  1. Mayank Bhushan, Fundamentals of cybersecurity, BPB publications, 2017

2.Raef Meeuwisse, Cyber Security for Beginners, 2015

3.Rolf Oppliger, Security Technologies for the World Wide Web, 2nd edition,Artech House, 2002.

4.Seth Fogie, Jeremiah Grossman, Robert Hansen and Anton Rager, XSS Attacks: Cross Site Scripting Exploits and Defense, Syngress, 2007.

5.Justin Clarke et.al.,SQL Injection Attacks and Defense, 2nd edition, Syngress, 2012.


        ICT 4307  Game Theory and it’s Application-

Consists of a fair share of theorems but it’s more real-world oriented.

You’ll study real-world problems like the bargaining problem and the famous Nash equilibrium


1.Y Narahari, Game Theory and Mechanism Design, World Scientific, Chennai, 2015

2.Drew Fudenberg and Jean Tirole, Game Theory, ANE Books, New Delhi, 2015

3.Dario Bauso, Game Theoy with Engineering Applications, SIAM, Philadelphia, 2016




This course will not boost your CV but you will enjoy the classes if you have an interest in graphic novels. So take this course if you want a light OE.


References: 1. Roger Sabin., Comics, Comix and Graphic Novels. 2. Robert Petersen, Allan Moore., Comics, Manga and Graphic Novels: A History of Graphic Narrative3. Comics as Performance, Fiction as Scalpel. 3. JeetHeer, Kent Worcester., Arguing Comics: Studies in Popular culture. 




Introduction to aircraft, Introduction to flight mechanics and flight dynamics of aircraft & UAV, Introduction to Avionics in aircraft & spacecraft., Displays, HMI, I/O Devices and Power, Packaging, do 178B/C Software, ARINC and DOD Types, System Cooling, EMI/EMC Requirements; Aircraft Power Systems: Electrical Power Generation and Distribution Systems, Digital Communication, Digital Data Bus System, ARINC-429,629, AFDX, MIL-STD-1553, Fiber Optic Comm. Satellite Communication, Flight control laws, FBW, Autopilot, FMS, LRU, IMA & Mission Systems. Inertial Sensors and Inertial Navigation Systems, Multisensory Navigation Systems, Kalman filter basics & Mechanization. Elements of Navigation Systems, Satellite Navigation Systems, Antenna Design, Analysis and placement on aerospace vehicles, Aircraft circuit design on proteas, Radar & Landing Systems.


If you are an aircraft and aerospace freak consider this course, be prepared to do some learning on your own though . It has quite a bit of electronics so keep that in mind.




Renewable energies and significance of biofuels, feedstocks for various biofuels, Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) of biofuels, ethanol from fermentation and comparison of different technologies, diesel from Jatropha, waste cooking oils, and Microalgae, biogas and biological hydrogen, and basic concepts of microbial fuel cells; introduction to biopolymers, Biopolymers vs. Synthetic polymers; Synthesis of biopolymers such as Starch, Hemicellulose etc., Commercially available biopolymers, uses of biopolymers, Manufacturing technologies, Fillers & Reinforcement, Market & Economics, Biodegradability.

You will get to analyse various biofuels like biogas and cooking oil. And you will also learn about polymers.

The content can be heavy if you aren’t interested in this field.




Introduction to rehabilitation engineering and assistive technology: principles, engineering concepts in sensory rehabilitation, motor rehabilitation and communication disorders. Orthopaedic prosthetics & orthosis in rehabilitation technology: fundamentals of design of upper and lower extremity prosthetic and orthotic devices, applications. Mobility aids: mobility aids for the blind, discussion of design and function of robotic aids, wheelchairs. Sensory augmentation & substitution: visual, auditory and tactile sensory augmentation & substitution. Conversion aids for non-vocal physically impaired persons: characteristics and design considerations for conversion aids, biofeedback in communicative disorders, artificial larynx. Principles and applications of electrical stimulation: artificial electrical stimulation of nerves and muscles, applications. Conceptual frameworks, education and quality assurance.




Introduction nanotechnology: Nanomaterials- classifications, synthesis methods, nanostructured system by self-assembly, biomimetic and biomolecular recognition assembly, surface functionalization of nanoparticles, nanocomposites. Characterization tools for nanomaterials and Nano systems-structural and chemical characterization techniques. Properties of nanomaterials: – mechanical properties, optical properties, surface Plasmon resonance, quantum size effects, introduction to Nano electronics. Nanotechnology for drug delivery, nanotechnology for diagnosis, prognosis, and disease status: – biomedical imaging, biosensors and drug delivery. Therapeutic nanotechnology, nanotechnology for implant materials and tissue engineering, cosmetics, nanotechnology safety concerns.


This is the first time this course is being offered, consider taking this if you are interested in the field of nanotechnology.




Adsorption and Catalysis: Physisorption and chemisorption, adsorption isotherms, factors influencing adsorption, adsorption of gases by solids, adsorption from solution, introduction to catalysis, energetics, catalytic cycles

Solutions and Solubility: Ideal and non-ideal solutions, Raoult’s law, thermodynamics of solutions, vapour pressure and boiling point composition curves, distillation behaviour of completely miscible and immiscible liquid systems, azeotropes

Colligative Properties: Determination of molar masses from vapour pressure lowering, osmotic pressure, boiling point elevation and depression of freezing point, Vant Hoff’s factor

Colloids: Types of colloids, preparation and purification of sols, general properties, optical, electrical, and kinetic properties of sols, the stability of sols, application of colloids Emulsions and gels: Types,preparation, properties, and their application


A chemistry course which doesn’t have a lot of mugging up to do. It covers physical chemistry topics relevant for industrial applications.




Introduction and principles of green chemistry, Examples, Atom economy, carbon efficiency, life cycle analysis, sustainable products, process and synthesis catalysis and green chemistry, examples of fine and bulk chemicals production, catalysts for clean technology. Application of the ecofriendly approach to waste treatment. Cleaner production processes, clean synthesis in lab Scale, industrial examples, use of eco-friendly energies. Bio-pesticides, polymers & pharmaceutical products. Electrochemical synthesis, Alternate reaction media using water and other green solvents, ionic liquids & supercritical fluids; phase transfer catalysis.




Introduction to contracts, Types of contracts, Tendering process, Dispute resolution, Conciliation, International contracts / contracts with international funding: International Competitive Bidding, Domestic Preference, FIDIC Documents, Conditions, Currency of Bid and Payment, Escalation in Foreign Currency, Financing of projects, Applicable Law and Settlement of Disputes, International Arbitration.


This course has a lot of theory, so keep that in mind. It’s offered by the Civil department but the general concepts can come in handy for every engineer for real world applications.




NET Architecture: Applications Using C# C# Basics: Advanced concepts: Delegates, Events, Memory Management under the Hood, Freeing Unmanaged Resources, strings, and regular expressions, Collections, Reflections, Errors and Exceptions. The .NET environment: Working with Visual Studio .NET 2003 (higher version can also be considered. E.g.: 2017), Assemblies and Structure, Cross-Language Support, Global Assembly Cache, Creating Shared Assemblies. .NET Security: Role-Based Security, Managing Security Policy, Threading. Localization: Namespace System. Globalization, Resources, Localization Example Using Visual Studio .NET, Creating a Windows Form Application, Graphics with GDI+, Introduction to WCF and WPF.


A useful programming language to learn if you want to develop web applications or services, this can boost your skill set. This course hasn’t been offered before though. 




Introduction to HTML5 and CSS3, Markup, HTML5 Style, More HTML5 Semantics, HTML5 Forms, HTML5 Audio and Video. Introducing CSS3, CSS3 Gradients and Multiple, CSS3 Transforms and Transitions, Embedded Fonts and Multicolumn Layouts. Introduction to JavaScript, The Grammar of JavaScript, Adding Logic and Control to Your Programs. Introduction to jQuery, Action/Reaction: Making Pages Come Alive with Events, Animations and Effects, Common jQuery Tasks, Enhancing Web Forms.


This OE has not been offered before but consider this if you are interested in website development using HTML5, CSS and Javascript. It can be useful for students from every branch.





Classical particles, waves and wave particle duality. Black body radiation, photoelectric effect, interference, diffraction. Schrodinger wave equation. Atoms and atomic orbitals. Quantum structures. Crystal lattices, bonding in crystals, metals, semiconductors, direct and indirect band gap semiconductors, semiconductor alloys, hetero-structures, organic semiconductors, carbon nano-structures. Graphene preparation techniques. Characterization.


There are quite a few physics concepts you will have to understand, but a good course to take as an introduction to the field of nano-tech.




Historical background of MEMS. Bulk micromachining, MEMS transduction and actuation techniques, Micro sensing for MEMS, Basic Bio-MEMS fabrication technologies. RF MEMS, Microfluidic devices and components for Bio-MEMS, sensing technologies for Bio-MEMS,

Applications. Introduction to MEMS simulation tool.


An introduction course to Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems, you will get a basic idea about MEMS. Another technical heavy course by the ECE department.




Transformers – Review of construction, types and operation; equivalent circuit, voltage regulation, efficiency; autotransformers; three-phase transformers, types, application. Induction Motors – Review of construction and operation, equivalent circuit, power flow diagram, losses, efficiency, starting braking and speed control; Single phase induction motor, types and operation. Synchronous Motors – construction, operation; Synchronous condenser. DC Motors – Review of construction, types and operation, starting, braking and speed control. Special Machines – Stepper motors, switched reluctance motors, brushless dc motor, Permanent magnet synchronous motors, Linear motors. Power Semiconductor Drives – Basic block schematic, Converter classification, DC and AC drive systems – an overview.


You will learn about the application of devices like transformers and various motors in the energy transmission field. The working of all these devices are revised under this course.




Energy Types, Needs, Scenario, Energy Security, Environmental Impact,

Energy Reforms, Material & Energy Balance, Consumption Pattern, Sankey Diagram, Energy Policy, Information Systems, Energy Conservation Act 2001, Electricity Act 2003, Energy Reforms, National Action Plan for Climate Change (NAPCC), Standards & Labels ,Energy Audit Purpose & Scope, Types of Energy Audit & Methodologies, Audit Instruments, Energy Management principles, Benchmarking and Strategies, Performance assessment of Electrical utilities, Performance Assessment of Thermal Utilities, Energy Economic Analysis, Role of ESCOs.


You will get to learn about the various technologies used in the energy conservation field, useful course if you are interested in the energy sector.




Introduction to Corporate Finance, Financial Goal, Agency Problems, Managers vs Shareholders Goals, Concepts of Value and Return, Capital Budgeting Decisions, Cost of Capital, Calculation of the Cost of Capital in Practice, Financial and Operating Leverage, Capital Structure, Relevance of Capital Structure, Irrelevance of Capital Structure, Relevance of Capital Structure, Dividend Theory, Dividend Relevance, Dividend Relevance, Dividend and Uncertainty, Dividend Irrelevance, Principles of Working Capital Management.


This course is offered by Manipal Institute of Management. This will be a valuable addition to your CV from a management point of view.




Principles of First Aid, First aid kit and equipment, emergency drugs, scene assessment, safety and identifying hazards, patient assessment, Basic Life Support and AED, triage, extrication/stretchers, ambulance. Describe the causes, signs and symptoms and management of respiratory emergencies, acute gastro-intestinal emergencies, musculoskeletal emergencies, dental, ENT and eye emergencies, renal emergencies, nervous system emergencies, hematological emergencies, endocrine emergencies, toxicological emergencies, environmental emergencies, pediatric emergencies, psychiatric emergencies, obstetrical emergencies



Introduction to news writing news in different media, news, definition of news, news values; types of news other theoretical issues relating to news writing. News Reporting Basic of news writing: structure of news reports; writing the lead; the changes in the composition of the lead; techniques of news gathering; sources of news. Reporting various types of reporting (Objective, Interpretative, Investigative,) General assignment reporting/working on a beat. Reporting for news agency, periodicals and magazines. Interviewing: doing the research, conducting the interview, types and formats of interviews, writing interviews


This course is offered by the School of Communication.




Introduction to advertising; Evolution and history of advertising; Influence of advertising on society and ethics. Advertising as part of marketing mix; Structure and types of ad agencies; Advertising planning; creative strategy and implementation (media strategy). The essentials of advertising on different media platforms – print, broadcast, internet and new media; discuss the difference in planning and execution using examples or campaign case studies. Public Relations-scope; definition; evolution; establish difference between PR and advertising; Identifying stakeholders and various Public Relation tools. Steps in developing a PR program/campaign-stating the problem, planning and programming, action and evaluation; Crisis communication; Ethical issues in Public Relations.


This course is offered by the School of Communication




Introduction, Techniques, classification and characteristics of mathematical models, mathematical modeling through algebra, ordinary differential equations of first order. Mathematical modeling through systems of ordinary differential equations of first order, Prey- Predator model Mathematical modeling through systems of ordinary differential equations, modeling in medicine A model for diabetic mellitus. Modelling on population dynamics Mathematical modelling through difference equations. Some simple models. Modelling of economics and finance through difference equations, population dynamics and generation of models through difference equations, modeling in probability theory, examples. Optimization models: Mathematical modeling through linear programming. Mathematical modelling through graphs: elements of graphs, digraphs. Mathematical models for blood flow. Mathematical model for Peristaltic transport of two layered.


You will get to solve a wide variety of mathematical real world problems using useful math tools like ODE,algebra and linear programming but the faculty is not that good.




Static probabilities: Review and prerequisites generating functions, difference equations.Dynamic probability: definition and description with examples. Markov chains, transition probabilities, Chapmen Kolmogrov equations. Classification of states, chains of Markov process. Stability of Markov systems, limiting behaviour, random walk. Poisson Processes : assumptions and derivations, related distributions, birth and death processes. Queueing System, general concepts, Model M/M/1 and M/M/S, steady state behaviour, transient behaviour. Wiener processes and Gaussian processes. Differential equations of a Wiener process, Kolmogrov equations, Ornstein – Unlenbeck Process. White note. Reliability Theory : Definition of Reliability, types of failure, Hazard rate, Laws of failure – normal, exponential & Weibull failure laws – System reliability – in series, in parallel series – parallel system, Parallel – series system & related problems.




Introduction – data science, need for analytics, steps in data analysis projects, Data- sources of data, data sets, data warehouses, data types, privacy and confidentiality, samples vs. population. Data summarization and visualization – tables and graphs. Data Preprocessing- cleaning, transformation, dimensionality reduction. Data Analysis and Visualization – descriptive, inferential statistics, uni-variate and multivariate analysis. Grouping – Cluster Analysis- distance measures, partitioning, hierarchical, density based methods. Market Basket Analysis, Association Analysis, Market Basket Analysis. ClassifiersBayesian, k-nearest neighbor, neural network, Support Vector Machine, Decision Trees. Prediction- Regression models, Evaluating Classification and Predictive performance, ensemble methods. Anomaly Detection. Forecasting models

Data is vital in every field today, and this course can be a useful addition to your skill set. You will use tools like WEKA and R but no prior coding experience is needed.




Introduction, different methods of publishing, departments in a publishing house, duties and responsibilities of a publisher, job roles in publishing company. different medias of publishing, electronic media versus print media, case study, editing, significance, techniques and functions. editing tools and symbols, editing magazines and newspapers – page makeup, design and layout, editing online, editing radio and television programs. news publication, news values, writing, structure of a news report, types of news leads, writing leads, choosing news, attribution and verification, balance and fairness, news sources. content for media, writing for print – different styles reporting, editorials and features. writing for radio, television and audio-visual media (CD, DVD, Web), advertising, promotional writing – advertising copy writing, corporate writing – newsletters, online writing – website contents specialized reporting, science and technology reporting, environment, recent advances and future trends in publishing.




Introduction- Definition, Phases, Applications, Advantages and Limitations of Operations Research. Linear programming problems- Assumptions, Formulation of LPP, Graphical solutions, Simplex algorithm, Special cases. Concept of dual, Sensitivity analysis with

respect to objective function coefficients and R.H.S. values. Transportation problem- Formulation, Testing the optimality. Assignment problem – Solution algorithm for Assignment Problem. Travelling salesman – Solution algorithm for Travelling Salesman Problem, Application to job sequencing problem Game theory- Introduction to game theory, Two-person-zero sum games, Pure and Mixed Strategies, Solution methods. Network Analysis- General framework, Introduction to elements of network, conventions adapted in drawing network, analyzing the network. Calculation of event and Activity times, Critical path, Determination of project duration, Project Crashing. Applications and Limitations of CPM.Project evaluation and review technique,

Simulation:-Monte- Carlo technique, Problems involving Waiting line situations and Selection of crew members etc.




Definitions of the term quality, Patterns of variation, Causes of variation Frequency distribution, Measures of central tendency and dispersion, The Normal distribution curve, Inequality theorems, Shewhart’s bowl drawing experiments, Control charts for variables (X , R and s charts), Type I and Type II Errors, Process capability analysis, Process capability

indexes, Control charts for attributes (p ,np, c and u charts), Acceptance sampling by attributes, Single and Double sampling plans, Operating characteristic curve, Acceptable quality level, Lot tolerance percent defective, Average outgoing quality, Average total Inspection, Average

fraction inspected, Producers risk, Consumers risk, Acceptance sampling tables, Conventional and Statistical tolerancing, Precision, Accuracy and Reproducibility of method of measurements, Quality costs.


Aeronautical and Automobile Engineering

  1. AAE 4301: Automotive Pollution and Control

Syllabus :Introduction- Historical background, Regulatory test procedures, Analysis of pollutants, Pollution from Spark Ignition engines, Pollution from Compression Ignition engines, Fuels for spark ignition and compression ignition engines, Engine Variants- Lean Burn engines, Stratified charge engines, Direct Injection in Gasoline engines, Instrumentation for pollution measurements- Non-Destructive Infrared analyzers, thermal conductivity and flame ionization detectors, analysers for NOx, gas chromatograph, Alternative Fuels- Hydrogen, Natural gas, Liquefied petroleum gas, vegetable oil and biodiesel, Biomass Energy, Direct Energy conversion methods- solar cells, thermo ionic converters.

The course is simple and easy to understand but has a lot of theory. Concepts in thermodynamics and automobile engines are covered in depth. Pollution and environmental problems and solutions are concepts from lower EVS classes. Automobile enthusiasts would find the course interesting.


Department of Biotechnology


Syllabus: Basic biological principles, design and working relationship in biological systems, Bioinspiration engineering, methodology and approach for Bioinspiration and biomimetics.  Adhesion in biological systems, natural super-hydrophobic and hydrophilic substances, understanding chemical and physical processes in biological systems and its application in bioinspired engineering.  Morphing and actuation in plants; lubrication and movement in biological systems, multimodal locomotion, propulsion features of biological systems, design of flying objects in biology and its application in aeronautical designs.  Navigation, communication, automation, shock absorption and mechanics of biological systems and its application in designs of engineering, mathematical modelling in plants and animals, Future trends in bioinspiration engineering.

This is an interesting and informative course for students enthused about bio and the inspirations of modern technology from biological systems. The course explains how biological systems function and their connection to engineering in the post industrial revolution era. If you like biology and want an in depth understanding of the physics and chemistry in biological systems, this course is best suited for you.


Biomedical Engineering


Syllabus: Basic terminology, Anatomical movement descriptors. Skeletal considerations for movement: Composition & Structure of bone, mechanical properties of bone, bone fracture & failure mechanics. Muscular considerations for movement: Skeletal muscle tissue properties, function and structure, Force generation in the muscle, Role of muscle, Force-velocity relationships in skeletal muscle, Joint flexibility. Fundamental concepts of gait. Linear Kinematics: kinematic parameters, projectile motion, linear Kinematics of walking and running. Angular Kinematics: types of Angles, lower extremity joint angles, angular motion relationships, relationship between linear and angular motion, angle-angle diagrams. Linear Kinetics: laws of motion, types of forces, representation of forces acting on a system. Angular Kinetics: Newton’s laws of motion (angular analogs), center of mass calculation, rotation and leverage, pulley system, analysis using Newton’s laws of motion. Application of Aerodynamics in Sports: aerodynamic drag force – effects of drag on the body and objects in sport- activities, aerodynamic lift force – lift force acting on shapes and surfaces, effects of lift on projected objects, the Magnus effect. Application of Hydrodynamics in Aquatics: buoyancy and floatation, floating ability of the human body, types of floaters, different floating positions of the human body, resistive & propulsive forces in swimming skills, Swimming efficiency and speed.

The course is interesting for those who want to understand the mechanics of the human body. It involves a lot of Physics concepts such as kinematics, aerodynamics and hydrodynamics and understanding of the human body through these concepts.

Civil Engineering


Course Summary: Introduction, basics of Mechanics of Solids. Shear force diagram and bending moment diagram for statically determinate beams, stresses due to bending, stresses due to shearing force. Slope and deflection of beams. Torsion, solid and hollow circular shafts, power transmitted by shafts. Variation of stress at a point, Bi-axial state of stress and strain. Stability of columns, Slenderness ratio, failure by buckling, Euler’s formula, Rankine’s empirical formula.

The course offers a comprehensive study on the topics of mechanics of solids and fundamentals of stress and strain for various loadings.

Computer Science Engineering


Syllabus: Introduction to Linux, using the shell, shell variables and commands and creating a shell environment.  File system, understanding the basics, metacharacters and operators, understanding file permissions, pattern matching with examples and programs. Understanding the system administration, exploring administrative commands. Editing files with vim, vi editors.  sed and awk programming with command-line syntaxes. Managing running processes, managing foreground and background processes. Shell programming, understanding shell scripts and text manipulation programs. Source code management and git version control, basic Linux system administration.

A well-structured course which offers an insight to the operating system. It teaches the fundamentals of Linux programming and is helpful for non-CS students who wish to learn another programming language.



Syllabus: The Problem Domain, The Software Engineering Challenges, The Software Engineering Approach. Software Process, Desired Characteristics of Software Process, Software Development process models. Software Requirements, Problem Analysis, Requirement Specifications, Functional Specification with Use Cases, Process Planning, Effort Estimation, Project Scheduling and Staffing, Software Configuration Management Plan. Design Principle, Module Level Concepts, Design Notations and Specifications, Structured Design Methodology. OO Analysis and OO Design, OO Concepts, Unified Modelling Language. Programming Principle and Guidelines, Coding Process, Testing Fundamentals, Black Box Testing, White Box Testing, Testing Process.

In the modern age of robots and machines, this course is particularly useful for students who would like to learn about software engineering. Different stages of developing a Software, challenges faced, solutions to overcome it and basic principle of Software Engineering are explained in this course.



Syllabus: Healthcare Domain Basics, Introduction and History of Modern Health Care, Delivering Health Care, Financing Health Care, Regulating Health Care, Meaningful Use, Health Management Information Systems Overview, Electronic Health Records, Clinical Decision Support Systems, Patient Monitoring Systems, Medical Imaging Systems, Consumer Health Informatics, Administrative, Billing, and Financial Systems, Working with Health IT Systems, Introduction & Overview: Components of HIT Systems, Understanding Information Exchange in HIT System, Protecting Privacy, Security, and Confidentiality in HIT Systems, HIT System Planning, Acquisition, Installation, &Training: Practices to Support & Pitfalls to Avoid, Potential Issues with Adoption and Installation of a HIT system, HIT and Aspects of PatientCentered Care, Health IT in the Future, Tools, the technology used in healthcare IT, AI/ML use cases in Healthcare IT, Open API usage to build Healthcare IT applications.

Upon completion of this course, students will be able to describe components of health care delivery and systems’ general functions, purposes and benefits of Health Information Technology (HIT) in different health care settings. They will learn how electronic health records affect patient safety, quality care, efficiency, productivity, and reporting/documentation mechanisms.  Students will be able to identify common components of a HIT system, types of HIT applications and describe data flows across HIT systems. This will enable them to build small software applications using Open APIs for select use cases of HIT.


Electronics and Communication


Syllabus: Product planning, creativity, product life cycle and reliability, aesthetics, ergonomics, control panel, product detailing and finishing. Thermal sources, heat calculations, heat transfer methods, heat sinks, cooling methods. Packaging technologies, ball grid arrays, flip chip, chip-scale packaging. First level, second level packages and third-level packages. Design of low noise circuits. Interfacing of analog and digital systems. PCB design. Sources of EMI, shielding of signal lines, ground loops, reduction techniques, reflections and cross talk in digital circuits.

The focus of this course is mechanical and manufacturing aspects which are usually ignored in product design. It provides a basic knowledge of the technologies required for the manufacturing of electronic products. The degree of sophistication throughout the electronics industry is increasing dramatically each year. More functions and higher speeds are being packaged into smaller and smaller packages. The need for miniaturization, higher reliability, and competitive pricing has pushed product design far beyond the limitations of conventional technology and has necessitated the development of new electronic products. This subject deals with the various Industrial product design steps and the study of thermal effects over product design. It also deals with various packaging technics and effect of electromagnetic interferences in the product design



Syllabus: Model of communication systems and types of electronic communication. Telephone system, signalling tones, DTMF. Optical fibres, numerical aperture. Attenuation and dispersion, optical sources and detectors. Principles of satellite orbits and positioning, Earth station technology, multiple access techniques, Application of satellites. Frequency reuse, cell splitting, sectoring, the macro cell and microcell, Architecture of GSM systems. Pulse radar, duplexer, MTI Radar. Wireless LAN, PAN, Bluetooth, ZigBee, RFID and NFC.

The course provides an awareness into the analysis and design of communication systems-based on time and frequency domain analysis. It also shows its applications on optical fibre, satellites, and Bluetooth. It also explains how electrical and electronic principles, components, circuits, equipment, and systems facilitate and improve our ability to communicate. Wired communication includes telephone and optical fibre communication. In optical fibre communication, sources such as LED, LASER diode, receivers such as PIN diode and APDs are covered along with fibre characteristics, attenuation, and dispersion associated with the optical fibre. While in wireless communication, satellite communication, cellular mobile communication, wireless technologies such as wireless LAN, PAN, Bluetooth, zig bee, WiMAX, RFID, and NFC are included in the course. Radar and its applications are also covered in the course.



Syllabus: Visible spectrum- psychophysics of vision-photometric quantities- laws of illumination-point by point method of illuminance calculations -Light sources- luminaires- principles of light control elements-light Intensity distribution diagram-evaluation of total flux-illuminance and visual performance- Lumen method calculations-principles and general requirements of interior & exterior lighting for different applications lighting Design Examples- Energy and cost-effectiveness of lighting schemes.

This course offers electrical engineering behind the lighting systems to select a variety of components to achieve desired lighting effects.



Syllabus: Solar Radiation: Spectrum, Terminologies, Measurement, Estimation; Sun-Earth Movement & Angles, Sun Tracking, PN Junction Diode & Characteristics, Solar Cell, Photovoltage, Light Generated Current, I-V equation & Characteristics: Short Circuit Current, Open Circuit Voltage, Maximum Power Point, Fill Factor, Efficiency, Losses, Equivalent Circuit, Effect of Series & Shunt Resistance, Solar Radiation, Temperature on Efficiency, Solar PV Modules: Series & Parallel connection, Hotspots, Bypass & Blocking Diodes, Power Output, Ratings, I-V & Power Curve, Effect of Solar Irradiation & Temperature, Balance of System (BOS): Batteries: Classification, Capacity, Voltage, Depth of Discharge, Life Cycle, Factors affecting Battery Performance; Charge Controllers, DC to DC Converters, DC to AC converters, Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT).

This course aims at teaching in installation, operation, and maintenance of photovoltaic cells and photovoltaic equipment.


Department of Humanities


Syllabus: History of invention of motion pictures – Daguerre, Muybridge, Edison, Skaldanowsky Brothers, Lumieres; Evolution of film – Lumieres, Melies, Porter, Griffith, Basic techniques – Mise-en-scene, Mise-en-shot, Deepfocus Photography, Longtake, Continuity, Editing, Montage, German Expressionism; French Impressionism; Soviet Montage cinema; Hollywood cinema, Italian Neo-realism; French Nouvelle Vague, Documentary, Directors – Eisenstein, Kurosawa, Godard, Chaplin, Bergman; Mohsen Makmalbakf, Majid Majidi, Kieslowski, Zhang Yimou, Kim Ki Duk, “New Wave” Cinema in India – Bengali; Malayalam; Kannada; Hindi, To be screened- Bicycle Thieves, The 400 blows, Rashomon, Wild strawberries, Battleship Potemkin, Cabinet of Dr.Caligari, The kid, Children of heaven, Hero, Ghatashraddha, PatherPanchali, Mathilukal.

This course offers an insight into film making and dives deeper into the studies of Indian Cinema. The course also teaches film analysis to critically engage in the production of films worldwide.



Syllabus: Public Speaking -Introduction to Public speaking- Voice modulation, Sounds/accent (basics), Articulation, Anxiety management, Logical arguments, Concept of purpose, Audience, Smart use of Body language. Types of speech-Informative speeches – designing and delivery- Persuasive speeches – designing and delivery- Impromptu speeches – designing and delivery -Special occasion speeches- designing and delivery, Presentations – planning and execution -Types of presentation – Informative-Planning and delivery – Persuasive – Planning and delivery Motivational – Planning and delivery, Other forms of speaking – Debates, Seminars, Panel Discussion, Group Discussion, Tall Tales, Turn Coat, Art of Evaluation-Providing feedback- planning, designing and delivering constructive feedback – Receiving feedback – making use of relevant feedback -Techniques of providing feedback- Speech analysis –Role of the Evaluator.

This open elective helps you practice and improve your speaking skills. It teaches body language while delivering speeches and coping with stage fright management among other things.



Syllabus : Evolution of PLC, PLC Vs PC, Architecture of PLC – I/O Modules, CPU, Program Memory, Process Image Tables, Bus System and Power Supply, Sequential Flow Chart technique for programming style, Programming a PLC, Timers & Counters, Special Instructions, Levels of Industrial control, Networking, Buts Networks, Protocols., SCADA & DCS, Profibus, Modbus, SMART devices.

This course provides an exposure to the technology of industrial automation widely used in industries for manufacturing.



Syllabus: Introduction, Signal conditioning, Separate versus integrated signal conditioning, Digital conversion, MCU control, MCUs for sensor interface, Techniques and Systems Considerations for MCUs, DSP control, Sensor integration, IEEE standards, Plug and play, Automated/ Remote sensing, Process control over the Internet, Other communication standards with case studies, Wireless zone sensing, Surface acoustical wave devices, Intelligent transportation system, RFID, RF MEMS basics, Varactors, Micro optics, Micro grippers, Microprobes, Micromirrors, FEDs, Data processing, Pattern recognition and classification, Centralized and decentralized system of the measurement chains, Practical examples of the intelligent sensors.

Offered by the Instrumentation and Control Department, Smart Sensors is an elective that would teach you the theory of sensors as well as how to take input using sensors, process it and give an output. A smart sensor is a device that takes input from the physical environment and uses built-in compute resources to perform predefined functions upon detection of a specific input. The course of smart sensors introduces to the design of computational environments suitable for sensing. Topics related to the framework of IEEE 1451 standards along with its sub-standard are discussed in detail. Design of periphery devices like micro-optics, micro grippers, microprobes, and biosensors will be taught. Prerequisite for the subject would be the basics of electronics, computation, and applied physics.



Syllabus: Introduction to Machine Learning, Mathematical Preliminaries, Supervised Learning-LMS, logistic regression, GDA, Naive Bayes, SVM, model selection, learning theory-bias/variance trade-off, union and Chernoff bounds, VC dimensions, Unsupervised learning-clustering, K-means, Gaussian mixture, factor analysis, PCA, ICA, Machine Learning with Python.

This is a math-intensive course taught in Python. With ML being the new buzz word in many industries, this is an OE you do not want to miss. It covers the mathematical tools and techniques of machine learning. No prior knowledge of machine learning is required. Comprehension of first-year engineering mathematics is sufficient to excel in this course.



Syllabus : Introduction to Networking and brief History of Internet, OSI and TCP/IP Reference Models, Network Layer, IP Addresses, Internet Protocol (IP) Datagram, Fragmentation, Options, Address Translation, ICMP and IGMP, Intra and Inter domain Routing, Distance Vector Routing, RIP, Link State Routing, OSPF, Path Vector Routing, BGP, User Datagram and Transmission Control Protocol, SCTP, Application Layer Protocols, The Web and HTTP, DNS: Services Provided by the DNS

This course focuses on the OSI Model and its implementation as TCP/IP Layers. It’s a very theory intensive course, with numericals usually being logical and short. This course presents basic networking technology and terminology, and other concepts and information relevant to setting up and using TCP/IP based networks. Students will learn working and usage of various protocols used in the internet.



Syllabus : How to read a visual, how to enjoy or feel an art form, what is Creative Thinking? Indian Art: Heritage & Culture; Art Appreciation: Western Art, Artist & Art Movements: Raja Ravi Verma, Tagore, Da Vinci, Van Gogh; Aesthetics: Beauty, Feel & Expression; Art & Science; Art & Film; Art: Freedom & Society, to be an art literate. A journey to immerse in the world of Art.

This is the perfect elective for all art enthusiasts, or for anyone who has wished they could stare at a Van Gogh or Da Vinci and understand why these famous pieces are so loved. Offered by the Centre for Creative and Cultural Studies, this is an elective that will immerse you into the world of art – both Indian and International and help you develop an eye for it.


19. IIE 4307: YOGA

Syllabus: Aim, Objectives, Meanings and Definitions of Yoga, History of Yoga, Concepts and misconceptions of Yoga, Schools of Yoga, Ashtanga Yoga.

Offered by the Centre for Integrative Medicine and Research, this OE isn’t just a Yoga class but delves into the history behind and the misconceptions about yoga.



Syllabus : Print design elements – typography, colours, spacing, pictures, logos, graphics, principles of layout and design – basic writing skills.

Photography – SLR camera, Lenses, Apertures and Shutter speeds, Exposure, Understanding light, Filters and accessorize, composing a picture, developing and printing, creating special effects.

Digital photography – digital camera – digital technology and its future.

Television – Introduction to AV Media-pre-production, production, postproduction. Show packaging-Camera-characteristics, parts and functions; Mounting accessories and movements.

Shots-Types and Uses; Basic composition. Practical video recording process.

Radio – Introduction to Radio-Microphone types, characteristics and uses; Cables and Connectors.

Recording device-Types and Characters, Audio editing, Programme formats-news, drama, feature and PSA’s and Advertising.

An elective for every engineer that wishes they’d been a media student instead. Offered by Manipal Institute of Communication, Media Production Techniques covers everything a media students should know, right from Radio to Television, Design elements to Photography.



Syllabus : Basic Art Principles: Element of Art & Design, Contour Drawing, Composition Principles, Pencil shading, creating geometry model and shading. Basic Perspective: Still life sketching & Drawing, Styles of shading, Introduction to colours, colour still life painting, Layout Design, Creating concepts for Design. Skeleton System, Body Proportions, Upper Body, Lower Body, Back, Hands and Legs. Text: Human Anatomy by Victor Perard, Dynamic Anatomy by Burne Hogarth. Gesture Drawing Tips, Line of Action, Dynamic Poses, Body Weight and Gravity, Clothing. Text: Figure Drawing by Anthony Ryder.

List of Practicals:

10 Drawings of Human Anatomy Study In Pencil

50 Drawings of Gesture Drawing In Pencil

5 Contour Drawing

2 Still Life Pencil Shading

2 Colour Still Life

2 Layout Design

Not to be confused with Graphic Designing, Graphics and Sketching is offered by Manipal Institute of Communication and is the perfect elective for anyone who wants to pick up sketching. It covers topics such as colours, still-life and human anatomy.



The course offers an insight into the functions of the financial department in a business firm, as well as teaches accounting principles to prepare financial statements. This elective is ideal for those who want to learn various financing choices, investments, and funding alternatives.



Course Summary: Matrix Algebra: Solution for linear system of equations – Direct methods: Gauss elimination method, Gauss Jordon method, Crouts (LU decomposition) method. Iterative methods, Jacobi Gauss Seidal and successive over relaxation methods. Computation of inverse of a matrix: Jordan method, Triangularization method, Choleski’s method, partition method. Eigen value & Eigen vectors: Given’s method for real symmetric matrices, Jocobi’s method for real symmetric matrices, Power method. Numerical Solution of Ordinary Differential Equations: Single step methods, Runge- Kutta method, Adam Bashforth’s predictor corrector method, Milne’s predictor and corrector method. Numerical Solution of Partial Differential Equations: Finite difference approximation to derivatives of Parabolic, Elliptic. Explicit finite difference method, implicit method.

Building on Maths I and II, Applied Numerical Methods is a mostly formula-based course that covers methods used in solving engineering problems and to predict data. It’s a high-scoring subject, and is thus highly competitive, but promises to be fun for those you enjoy math. The professor made us solve all kinds of problems from related topics. And you can approach him with doubts anytime you like- he is strict during class but that’s to ensure he has the entire class’ attention at all times. As long as you know the method to solve the question, he gives the marks you deserve. The course is related to Runge Kutta methods, Euler’s equation and other kinds of iteration methods. If you like maths, then this subject is fun, plus it has lots of application in the engineering field.”

“The professor in charge was Mr Byju who was well-informed and wrapped up the course pretty quickly. The subject is not that hard to comprehend but is very tedious. It involves rigorous calculations so don’t even think about this OE if you can’t play around with numbers. It’s slightly harder to score due to the intense competition. Assignments are on similar bases as your core subjects. This subject helps out if you are in mechanical and take up subjects such as CFD. If you have an inclination and acumen towards math, definitely go for this subject. If you are slightly hesitant about your maths skill you have better options to look around at.”



Course Summary: Enterprise Architecture- Overview, core elements, Structure of enterprises. Introduction to Enterprise Data Architecture (EDA). Developing an EDA- structured vs. unstructured data, analysis and planning approaches, data governance, security, privacy, value and risk, implementation methodology, components and artefacts, Developing Current Architect Views, Repository and Support Tools. Data Quality Management – Concepts and Implementation. Enterprise Data models – performance requirements and rendering, performance testing and monitoring; Disaster Recovery strategies, Fault Tolerance and Recovery, data-sharding, de-duplication in-memory computing, Effective Metadata modelling, design and management. Enterprise Architectural frameworks – Open-Source Frameworks, MEGAF, India Enterprise Architecture (IndEA), National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), IndiaStack, Praxeme. TOGAF framework – modular structure, content framework, extended guidance, architectural styles. Application architecture- Open source components, API and micro-services, building UX layer. Hardware for EDA- Data warehousing, Enterprise Big Data Storage Models, Cloud and edge-computing, Polyclouds and data interchange, Case studies. Mini project on creating an EDA for a specific enterprise using opensource technologies.

Any system is about the “whole system “and its various parts. While the components have to function well, how they are built, integrated and work together define a successful outcome. Large Enterprise Data Systems are no different. This course enables you to go beyond the components and learn how to architect systems especially those handling large data and put you on the path to become a data architect.

The various aspects of the application for data upload, transformation, rendering and output should be well coded to enable quick change. The hardware and memory should be properly provisioned to enable computation within the desired time interval and the network properly provisioned for delivery at the right time and place. All this keeping in mind data security, privacy, and need for back-up. This course enables students to go beyond the components and learn how to architect systems especially those handling large data. Data Architects are very much in demand. This course will set students on the path of a Data Architect. The first section of the course deals with the history of data architecture, choices available today, and sets the tone for a formal foray. The software was simple in the 1940s to the 1970s. Monolithic, ran on mainframes. The course will start from there and trace the evolution of both software, hardware, and communication. It will look at the choices we have today while architecting systems. The second part will deal with the dimensions that a Data Architect should deal with – Data Governance, Security, Fault tolerance, Disaster Recovery etc. The third section deals with formal Architecture frameworks like TOGAF. NIST, IndiaStack, MEGAF etc. The fourth portion will deal with contemporary architecture principles on the cloud especially using open-source and a few pointers while dealing with data-hungry AI systems. Finally, students shall look at a project and try to apply their learning.



Course Summary: Good design, impact of a design on various target audience, role of graphic designer, elements of design, principles of design, language as a communication tool, legibility and readability. Newspaper -Effect of television and magazines, design approach, form and format, design elements, books -anatomy, page layout, cover design, design approach, magazines – classification, editorial plan, design approach, posters – Indian context, strengths and weaknesses, rules, creativity, design approach, direct pieces -letterheads, business cards, envelopes, brochure, booklet, souvenir items – calendars and diary, website – factors to consider, importance of a site map, content creation, coordination of work between various departments, selection of colour. advertising commercials, corporate and industrial films -Designing for advertising – use of appeal, creativity and strategy, Design approach – SHDA (Stop Hold Desire Act formula), design execution, scratch, storyboard and final presentation, design approach, job flow and coordination between various departments.

This is a course that focuses on graphics as a tool for communication, be it through commercials, magazines, booklets etc. With an emphasis on colour and layout, the course doesn’t just teach to graphic designing, but how to format your work based on the required demographic. This course is designed to cater to creative minds with a purpose to channelize their imagination into fruitful destinations. The course introduces design elements and design principles, and how to handle them in various conditions that need to be considered based on target audiences. Students will study design aspects regarding newspaper templates, magazines, books, posters, letterheads, business cards, brochure, website (creative aspects only, not coding). Students will also study design aspects of commercial advertisements, corporate, and industrial films. The students while designing will utilise these concepts and design knowledge. Software training is not part of this course.



This is a course that focuses on the levels of safety any engineered system must provide and how to ensure this. With topics such as Accident Causation, Hazards etc. you will gain an insight into the machinery used in many industries.

Course Summary: Introduction to Safety Engineering, Industrial Accidents, Theories of Accident Causation, Introduction to Health and Toxic Substances, Environmental Control and Noise, Ventilation and its Design Principle, Personal Protection and First Aid, Fire Protection, Machine Guarding, Safeguarding the point of operation, Power presses, Grinding machines, Saws, Belts and Pulleys, Safety consideration regarding material handling and storage. Safety Requirement for Material Handling and Storage, Electrical Hazards, Employee Participation in Promoting Safety, Safety Training, Safety Committees, Teamwork Approach to Promoting Safety.



For all those BME lovers, this course is an in-depth version of the chapter taught in the first year. The course is about the working of IC engines, or engines that generate motive power by burning fuels, and includes topics such as supercharging, end engine electronics.

Course Summary: Introduction to IC engine, Analysis of air standard cycles, fuel-air cycles and actual cycles. Modes of combustion, Stages of combustion in SI & CI engines, factors influencing the stages of combustion, normal and abnormal combustion, Control of abnormal combustion in SI and CI engines. Combustion chambers in SI and CI engines. Supercharging & Turbo-charging, Analysis of Modern developments in IC engines like Wankel engine, Electronic injection systems in SI engines. Common Rail Direct Injection (CRDI) engines, Multi-point fuel injection. (MPFI) engines, dual-fuel engines, and stratified charge engines. Introduction to engine Electronics, typical engine management systems, position, displacement and speed sensing, pressure, temperature and air measurement systems, exhaust oxygen sensors.



Course Summary: Industrial feedback controllers, PID controllers, tuning methods, frequency response approach, computational optimization, modified PID scheme. Introduction to state-space analysis – state-space representations, eigen vectors and eigen values, transfer functions, state space modelling. Control system design in state space, solution of LTI state equation, controllability and observability, state feedback controllers, state observers Lyapunov stability analysis, quadratic optimal control. Types of nonlinearity, describing functions phase plane method, linearization techniques, MATLAB simulation, state-space modelling, feedback controllers, observers, regulator problems.

A course that blends mechanical and electrical engineering, backed with topics that use linear algebra, Mechatronics Systems would help build your knowledge in other fields.



Course Summary: Review of Crystal structure: Lattice, basis and unit cell, crystal system, symmetry, crystal planes and miller indices, reciprocal lattice, Bragg’s law, experimental methods of x-ray diffraction, types of crystal binding, analysis of stress and strain in crystals.

Electrical conduction: Free electron gas model, Sommerfield quantum theory, Fermi energy, parameters of free electron gas at absolute zero, electrical conductivity, Drude-Lorentz theory and Sommerfield theory of electrical conductivity, Band theory of solids, electrical conduction in metals, insulators and semiconductors

Dielectrics: Static dielectric constant, polarization and polarizability, local field, ferro electricity, piezo electricity, frequency dependence of polarizability (electronic, ionic and dipolar), dielectric losses, requirements of insulating materials, applications of dielectric materials

Magnetism: Classification of magnetic materials, classical theory of diamagnetism and paramagnetism, Weiss theory of ferromagnetism, ferrites, hard and soft magnetic materials, garnets, magnetic bubbles, ceramic magnets, applications of magnetic materials.

Offered by the Physics department, this elective will help you gain an in-depth knowledge of the solid-state. Students would learn fundamental properties of solids, to the Drude-Lorentz and Sommerfield’s theories, and much more.

Written by Ankush Nath, Sasha, and Uthkarsh Goel

Image Credits: The Manipal Way

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