Open Electives: The Comprehensive Guide (Sem V)

Aeronautical and Automobile Engineering

  1. AAE 4301: Automotive Pollution and Control

Syllabus :Introduction- Historical background, Regulatory test procedures, Analysis of pollutants, Pollution from Spark Ignition engines, Pollution from Compression Ignition engines, Fuels for spark ignition and compression ignition engines, Engine Variants- Lean Burn engines, Stratified charge engines, Direct Injection in Gasoline engines, Instrumentation for pollution measurements- Non-Destructive Infrared analyzers, thermal conductivity and flame ionization detectors, analysers for NOx, gas chromatograph, Alternative Fuels- Hydrogen, Natural gas, Liquefied petroleum gas, vegetable oil and biodiesel, Biomass Energy, Direct Energy conversion methods- solar cells, thermo ionic converters.

The course is simple and easy to understand but has a lot of theory. Concepts in thermodynamics and automobile engines are covered in depth. Pollution and environmental problems and solutions are concepts from lower EVS classes. Automobile enthusiasts would find the course interesting.


Department of Biotechnology


Syllabus: Basic biological principles, design and working relationship in biological systems, Bioinspiration engineering, methodology and approach for Bioinspiration and biomimetics.  Adhesion in biological systems, natural super-hydrophobic and hydrophilic substances, understanding chemical and physical processes in biological systems and its application in bioinspired engineering.  Morphing and actuation in plants; lubrication and movement in biological systems, multimodal locomotion, propulsion features of biological systems, design of flying objects in biology and its application in aeronautical designs.  Navigation, communication, automation, shock absorption and mechanics of biological systems and its application in designs of engineering, mathematical modelling in plants and animals, Future trends in bioinspiration engineering.

This is an interesting and informative course for students enthused about bio and the inspirations of modern technology from biological systems. The course explains how biological systems function and their connection to engineering in the post industrial revolution era. If you like biology and want an in depth understanding of the physics and chemistry in biological systems, this course is best suited for you.


Biomedical Engineering


Syllabus: Basic terminology, Anatomical movement descriptors. Skeletal considerations for movement: Composition & Structure of bone, mechanical properties of bone, bone fracture & failure mechanics. Muscular considerations for movement: Skeletal muscle tissue properties, function and structure, Force generation in the muscle, Role of muscle, Force-velocity relationships in skeletal muscle, Joint flexibility. Fundamental concepts of gait. Linear Kinematics: kinematic parameters, projectile motion, linear Kinematics of walking and running. Angular Kinematics: types of Angles, lower extremity joint angles, angular motion relationships, relationship between linear and angular motion, angle-angle diagrams. Linear Kinetics: laws of motion, types of forces, representation of forces acting on a system. Angular Kinetics: Newton’s laws of motion (angular analogs), center of mass calculation, rotation and leverage, pulley system, analysis using Newton’s laws of motion. Application of Aerodynamics in Sports: aerodynamic drag force – effects of drag on the body and objects in sport- activities, aerodynamic lift force – lift force acting on shapes and surfaces, effects of lift on projected objects, the Magnus effect. Application of Hydrodynamics in Aquatics: buoyancy and floatation, floating ability of the human body, types of floaters, different floating positions of the human body, resistive & propulsive forces in swimming skills, Swimming efficiency and speed.

The course is interesting for those who want to understand the mechanics of the human body. It involves a lot of Physics concepts such as kinematics, aerodynamics and hydrodynamics and understanding of the human body through these concepts.

Civil Engineering


Course Summary: Introduction, basics of Mechanics of Solids. Shear force diagram and bending moment diagram for statically determinate beams, stresses due to bending, stresses due to shearing force. Slope and deflection of beams. Torsion, solid and hollow circular shafts, power transmitted by shafts. Variation of stress at a point, Bi-axial state of stress and strain. Stability of columns, Slenderness ratio, failure by buckling, Euler’s formula, Rankine’s empirical formula.

The course offers a comprehensive study on the topics of mechanics of solids and fundamentals of stress and strain for various loadings.


Computer Science Engineering


Syllabus: Introduction to Linux, using the shell, shell variables and commands and creating a shell environment.  File system, understanding the basics, metacharacters and operators, understanding file permissions, pattern matching with examples and programs. Understanding the system administration, exploring administrative commands. Editing files with vim, vi editors.  sed and awk programming with command-line syntaxes. Managing running processes, managing foreground and background processes. Shell programming, understanding shell scripts and text manipulation programs. Source code management and git version control, basic Linux system administration.

A well-structured course which offers an insight to the operating system. It teaches the fundamentals of Linux programming and is helpful for non-CS students who wish to learn another programming language.




Syllabus: The Problem Domain, The Software Engineering Challenges, The Software Engineering Approach. Software Process, Desired Characteristics of Software Process, Software Development process models. Software Requirements, Problem Analysis, Requirement Specifications, Functional Specification with Use Cases, Process Planning, Effort Estimation, Project Scheduling and Staffing, Software Configuration Management Plan. Design Principle, Module Level Concepts, Design Notations and Specifications, Structured Design Methodology. OO Analysis and OO Design, OO Concepts, Unified Modelling Language. Programming Principle and Guidelines, Coding Process, Testing Fundamentals, Black Box Testing, White Box Testing, Testing Process.

In the modern age of robots and machines, this course is particularly useful for students who would like to learn about software engineering. Different stages of developing a Sofware, challenges faced, solutions to overcome it and basic principle of Software Engineering are explained in this course.



Syllabus: Healthcare Domain Basics, Introduction and History of Modern Health Care, Delivering Health Care, Financing Health Care, Regulating Health Care, Meaningful Use, Health Management Information Systems Overview, Electronic Health Records, Clinical Decision Support Systems, Patient Monitoring Systems, Medical Imaging Systems, Consumer Health Informatics, Administrative, Billing, and Financial Systems, Working with Health IT Systems, Introduction & Overview: Components of HIT Systems, Understanding Information Exchange in HIT System, Protecting Privacy, Security, and Confidentiality in HIT Systems, HIT System Planning, Acquisition, Installation, &Training: Practices to Support & Pitfalls to Avoid, Potential Issues with Adoption and Installation of a HIT system, HIT and Aspects of PatientCentered Care, Health IT in the Future, Tools, the technology used in healthcare IT, AI/ML use cases in Healthcare IT, Open API usage to build Healthcare IT applications.

Upon completion of this course, students will be able to describe components of health care delivery and systems’ general functions, purposes and benefits of Health Information Technology (HIT) in different health care settings. They will learn how electronic health records affect patient safety, quality care, efficiency, productivity, and reporting/documentation mechanisms.  Students will be able to identify common components of a HIT system, types of HIT applications and describe data flows across HIT systems. This will enable them to build small software applications using Open APIs for select use cases of HIT.


Electronics and Communication


Syllabus: Product planning, creativity, product life cycle and reliability, aesthetics, ergonomics, control panel, product detailing and finishing. Thermal sources, heat calculations, heat transfer methods, heat sinks, cooling methods. Packaging technologies, ball grid arrays, flip chip, chip-scale packaging. First level, second level packages and third-level packages. Design of low noise circuits. Interfacing of analog and digital systems. PCB design. Sources of EMI, shielding of signal lines, ground loops, reduction techniques, reflections and cross talk in digital circuits.

The focus of this course is mechanical and manufacturing aspects which are usually ignored in product design. It provides a basic knowledge of the technologies required for the manufacturing of electronic products. The degree of sophistication throughout the electronics industry is increasing dramatically each year. More functions and higher speeds are being packaged into smaller and smaller packages. The need for miniaturization, higher reliability, and competitive pricing has pushed product design far beyond the limitations of conventional technology and has necessitated the development of new electronic products. This subject deals with the various Industrial product design steps and the study of thermal effects over product design. It also deals with various packaging technics and effect of electromagnetic interferences in the product design



Syllabus: Model of communication systems and types of electronic communication. Telephone system, signalling tones, DTMF. Optical fibres, numerical aperture. Attenuation and dispersion, optical sources and detectors. Principles of satellite orbits and positioning, Earth station technology, multiple access techniques, Application of satellites. Frequency reuse, cell splitting, sectoring, the macro cell and microcell, Architecture of GSM systems. Pulse radar, duplexer, MTI Radar. Wireless LAN, PAN, Bluetooth, ZigBee, RFID and NFC.

The course provides an awareness into the analysis and design of communication systems-based on time and frequency domain analysis. It also shows its applications on optical fibre, satellites, and Bluetooth. It also explains how electrical and electronic principles, components, circuits, equipment, and systems facilitate and improve our ability to communicate. Wired communication includes telephone and optical fibre communication. In optical fibre communication, sources such as LED, LASER diode, receivers such as PIN diode and APDs are covered along with fibre characteristics, attenuation, and dispersion associated with the optical fibre. While in wireless communication, satellite communication, cellular mobile communication, wireless technologies such as wireless LAN, PAN, Bluetooth, zig bee, WiMAX, RFID, and NFC are included in the course. Radar and its applications are also covered in the course.



Syllabus: Visible spectrum- psychophysics of vision-photometric quantities- laws of illumination-point by point method of illuminance calculations -Light sources- luminaires- principles of light control elements-light Intensity distribution diagram-evaluation of total flux-illuminance and visual performance- Lumen method calculations-principles and general requirements of interior & exterior lighting for different applications lighting Design Examples- Energy and cost-effectiveness of lighting schemes.

This course offers electrical engineering behind the lighting systems to select a variety of components to achieve desired lighting effects.



Syllabus: Solar Radiation: Spectrum, Terminologies, Measurement, Estimation; Sun-Earth Movement & Angles, Sun Tracking, PN Junction Diode & Characteristics, Solar Cell, Photovoltage, Light Generated Current, I-V equation & Characteristics: Short Circuit Current, Open Circuit Voltage, Maximum Power Point, Fill Factor, Efficiency, Losses, Equivalent Circuit, Effect of Series & Shunt Resistance, Solar Radiation, Temperature on Efficiency, Solar PV Modules: Series & Parallel connection, Hotspots, Bypass & Blocking Diodes, Power Output, Ratings, I-V & Power Curve, Effect of Solar Irradiation & Temperature, Balance of System (BOS): Batteries: Classification, Capacity, Voltage, Depth of Discharge, Life Cycle, Factors affecting Battery Performance; Charge Controllers, DC to DC Converters, DC to AC converters, Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT).

This course aims at teaching in installation, operation, and maintenance of photovoltaic cells and photovoltaic equipment.


Department of Humanities


Syllabus: History of invention of motion pictures – Daguerre, Muybridge, Edison, Skaldanowsky Brothers, Lumieres; Evolution of film – Lumieres, Melies, Porter, Griffith, Basic techniques – Mise-en-scene, Mise-en-shot, Deepfocus Photography, Longtake, Continuity, Editing, Montage, German Expressionism; French Impressionism; Soviet Montage cinema; Hollywood cinema, Italian Neo-realism; French Nouvelle Vague, Documentary, Directors – Eisenstein, Kurosawa, Godard, Chaplin, Bergman; Mohsen Makmalbakf, Majid Majidi, Kieslowski, Zhang Yimou, Kim Ki Duk, “New Wave” Cinema in India – Bengali; Malayalam; Kannada; Hindi, To be screened- Bicycle Thieves, The 400 blows, Rashomon, Wild strawberries, Battleship Potemkin, Cabinet of Dr.Caligari, The kid, Children of heaven, Hero, Ghatashraddha, PatherPanchali, Mathilukal.

This course offers an insight into film making and dives deeper into the studies of Indian Cinema. The course also teaches film analysis to critically engage in the production of films worldwide.



Syllabus: Public Speaking -Introduction to Public speaking- Voice modulation, Sounds/accent (basics), Articulation, Anxiety management, Logical arguments, Concept of purpose, Audience, Smart use of Body language. Types of speech-Informative speeches – designing and delivery- Persuasive speeches – designing and delivery- Impromptu speeches – designing and delivery -Special occasion speeches- designing and delivery, Presentations – planning and execution -Types of presentation – Informative-Planning and delivery – Persuasive – Planning and delivery Motivational – Planning and delivery, Other forms of speaking – Debates, Seminars, Panel Discussion, Group Discussion, Tall Tales, Turn Coat, Art of Evaluation-Providing feedback- planning, designing and delivering constructive feedback – Receiving feedback – making use of relevant feedback -Techniques of providing feedback- Speech analysis –Role of the Evaluator.

This open elective helps you practice and improve your speaking skills. It teaches body language while delivering speeches and coping with stage fright management among other things.



Syllabus : Evolution of PLC, PLC Vs PC, Architecture of PLC – I/O Modules, CPU, Program Memory, Process Image Tables, Bus System and Power Supply, Sequential Flow Chart technique for programming style, Programming a PLC, Timers & Counters, Special Instructions, Levels of Industrial control, Networking, Buts Networks, Protocols., SCADA & DCS, Profibus, Modbus, SMART devices.

This course provides an exposure to the technology of industrial automation widely used in industries for manufacturing.



Syllabus: Introduction, Signal conditioning, Separate versus integrated signal conditioning, Digital conversion, MCU control, MCUs for sensor interface, Techniques and Systems Considerations for MCUs, DSP control, Sensor integration, IEEE standards, Plug and play, Automated/ Remote sensing, Process control over the Internet, Other communication standards with case studies, Wireless zone sensing, Surface acoustical wave devices, Intelligent transportation system, RFID, RF MEMS basics, Varactors, Micro optics, Micro grippers, Microprobes, Micromirrors, FEDs, Data processing, Pattern recognition and classification, Centralized and decentralized system of the measurement chains, Practical examples of the intelligent sensors.

Offered by the Instrumentation and Control Department, Smart Sensors is an elective that would teach you the theory of sensors as well as how to take input using sensors, process it and give an output. A smart sensor is a device that takes input from the physical environment and uses built-in compute resources to perform predefined functions upon detection of a specific input. The course of smart sensors introduces to the design of computational environments suitable for sensing. Topics related to the framework of IEEE 1451 standards along with its sub-standard are discussed in detail. Design of periphery devices like micro-optics, micro grippers, microprobes, and biosensors will be taught. Prerequisite for the subject would be the basics of electronics, computation, and applied physics.



Syllabus: Introduction to Machine Learning, Mathematical Preliminaries, Supervised Learning-LMS, logistic regression, GDA, Naive Bayes, SVM, model selection, learning theory-bias/variance trade-off, union and Chernoff bounds, VC dimensions, Unsupervised learning-clustering, K-means, Gaussian mixture, factor analysis, PCA, ICA, Machine Learning with Python.

This is a math-intensive course taught in Python. With ML being the new buzz word in many industries, this is an OE you do not want to miss. It covers the mathematical tools and techniques of machine learning. No prior knowledge of machine learning is required. Comprehension of first-year engineering mathematics is sufficient to excel in this course.



Syllabus : Introduction to Networking and brief History of Internet, OSI and TCP/IP Reference Models, Network Layer, IP Addresses, Internet Protocol (IP) Datagram, Fragmentation, Options, Address Translation, ICMP and IGMP, Intra and Inter domain Routing, Distance Vector Routing, RIP, Link State Routing, OSPF, Path Vector Routing, BGP, User Datagram and Transmission Control Protocol, SCTP, Application Layer Protocols, The Web and HTTP, DNS: Services Provided by the DNS

This course focuses on the OSI Model and its implementation as TCP/IP Layers. It’s a very theory intensive course, with numericals usually being logical and short. This course presents basic networking technology and terminology, and other concepts and information relevant to setting up and using TCP/IP based networks. Students will learn working and usage of various protocols used in the internet.



Syllabus : How to read a visual, how to enjoy or feel an art form, what is Creative Thinking? Indian Art: Heritage & Culture; Art Appreciation: Western Art, Artist & Art Movements: Raja Ravi Verma, Tagore, Da Vinci, Van Gogh; Aesthetics: Beauty, Feel & Expression; Art & Science; Art & Film; Art: Freedom & Society, to be an art literate. A journey to immerse in the world of Art.

This is the perfect elective for all art enthusiasts, or for anyone who has wished they could stare at a Van Gogh or Da Vinci and understand why these famous pieces are so loved. Offered by the Centre for Creative and Cultural Studies, this is an elective that will immerse you into the world of art – both Indian and International and help you develop an eye for it.


19. IIE 4307: YOGA

Syllabus: Aim, Objectives, Meanings and Definitions of Yoga, History of Yoga, Concepts and misconceptions of Yoga, Schools of Yoga, Ashtanga Yoga.

Offered by the Centre for Integrative Medicine and Research, this OE isn’t just a Yoga class but delves into the history behind and the misconceptions about yoga.



Syllabus : Print design elements – typography, colours, spacing, pictures, logos, graphics, principles of layout and design – basic writing skills.
Photography – SLR camera, Lenses, Apertures and Shutter speeds, Exposure, Understanding light, Filters and accessorize, composing a picture, developing and printing, creating special effects.
Digital photography – digital camera – digital technology and its future.
Television – Introduction to AV Media-pre-production, production, postproduction. Show packaging-Camera-characteristics, parts and functions; Mounting accessories and movements.
Shots-Types and Uses; Basic composition. Practical video recording process.
Radio – Introduction to Radio-Microphone types, characteristics and uses; Cables and Connectors.
Recording device-Types and Characters, Audio editing, Programme formats-news, drama, feature and PSA’s and Advertising.

An elective for every engineer that wishes they’d been a media student instead. Offered by Manipal Institute of Communication, Media Production Techniques covers everything a media students should know, right from Radio to Television, Design elements to Photography.



Syllabus : Basic Art Principles: Element of Art & Design, Contour Drawing, Composition Principles, Pencil shading, creating geometry model and shading. Basic Perspective: Still life sketching & Drawing, Styles of shading, Introduction to colours, colour still life painting, Layout Design, Creating concepts for Design. Skeleton System, Body Proportions, Upper Body, Lower Body, Back, Hands and Legs. Text: Human Anatomy by Victor Perard, Dynamic Anatomy by Burne Hogarth. Gesture Drawing Tips, Line of Action, Dynamic Poses, Body Weight and Gravity, Clothing. Text: Figure Drawing by Anthony Ryder.
List of Practicals:
10 Drawings of Human Anatomy Study In Pencil
50 Drawings of Gesture Drawing In Pencil
5 Contour Drawing
2 Still Life Pencil Shading
2 Colour Still Life
2 Layout Design

Not to be confused with Graphic Designing, Graphics and Sketching is offered by Manipal Institute of Communication and is the perfect elective for anyone who wants to pick up sketching. It covers topics such as colours, still-life and human anatomy.



The course offers an insight into the functions of the financial department in a business firm, as well as teaches accounting principles to prepare financial statements. This elective is ideal for those who want to learn various financing choices, investments, and funding alternatives.



Course Summary: Matrix Algebra: Solution for linear system of equations – Direct methods: Gauss elimination method, Gauss Jordon method, Crouts (LU decomposition) method. Iterative methods, Jacobi Gauss Seidal and successive over relaxation methods. Computation of inverse of a matrix: Jordan method, Triangularization method, Choleski’s method, partition method. Eigen value & Eigen vectors: Given’s method for real symmetric matrices, Jocobi’s method for real symmetric matrices, Power method. Numerical Solution of Ordinary Differential Equations: Single step methods, Runge- Kutta method, Adam Bashforth’s predictor corrector method, Milne’s predictor and corrector method. Numerical Solution of Partial Differential Equations: Finite difference approximation to derivatives of Parabolic, Elliptic. Explicit finite difference method, implicit method.

Building on Maths I and II, Applied Numerical Methods is a mostly formula-based course that covers methods used in solving engineering problems and to predict data. It’s a high-scoring subject, and is thus highly competitive, but promises to be fun for those you enjoy math. The professor made us solve all kinds of problems from related topics. And you can approach him with doubts anytime you like- he is strict during class but that’s to ensure he has the entire class’ attention at all times. As long as you know the method to solve the question, he gives the marks you deserve. The course is related to Runge Kutta methods, Euler’s equation and other kinds of iteration methods. If you like maths, then this subject is fun, plus it has lots of application in the engineering field.”

“The professor in charge was Mr Byju who was well-informed and wrapped up the course pretty quickly. The subject is not that hard to comprehend but is very tedious. It involves rigorous calculations so don’t even think about this OE if you can’t play around with numbers. It’s slightly harder to score due to the intense competition. Assignments are on similar bases as your core subjects. This subject helps out if you are in mechanical and take up subjects such as CFD. If you have an inclination and acumen towards math, definitely go for this subject. If you are slightly hesitant about your maths skill you have better options to look around at.”



Course Summary: Enterprise Architecture- Overview, core elements, Structure of enterprises. Introduction to Enterprise Data Architecture (EDA). Developing an EDA- structured vs. unstructured data, analysis and planning approaches, data governance, security, privacy, value and risk, implementation methodology, components and artefacts, Developing Current Architect Views, Repository and Support Tools. Data Quality Management – Concepts and Implementation. Enterprise Data models – performance requirements and rendering, performance testing and monitoring; Disaster Recovery strategies, Fault Tolerance and Recovery, data-sharding, de-duplication in-memory computing, Effective Metadata modelling, design and management. Enterprise Architectural frameworks – Open-Source Frameworks, MEGAF, India Enterprise Architecture (IndEA), National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), IndiaStack, Praxeme. TOGAF framework – modular structure, content framework, extended guidance, architectural styles. Application architecture- Open source components, API and micro-services, building UX layer. Hardware for EDA- Data warehousing, Enterprise Big Data Storage Models, Cloud and edge-computing, Polyclouds and data interchange, Case studies. Mini project on creating an EDA for a specific enterprise using opensource technologies.

Any system is about the “whole system “and its various parts. While the components have to function well, how they are built, integrated and work together define a successful outcome. Large Enterprise Data Systems are no different. This course enables you to go beyond the components and learn how to architect systems especially those handling large data and put you on the path to become a data architect.

The various aspects of the application for data upload, transformation, rendering and output should be well coded to enable quick change. The hardware and memory should be properly provisioned to enable computation within the desired time interval and the network properly provisioned for delivery at the right time and place. All this keeping in mind data security, privacy, and need for back-up. This course enables students to go beyond the components and learn how to architect systems especially those handling large data. Data Architects are very much in demand. This course will set students on the path of a Data Architect. The first section of the course deals with the history of data architecture, choices available today, and sets the tone for a formal foray. The software was simple in the 1940s to the 1970s. Monolithic, ran on mainframes. The course will start from there and trace the evolution of both software, hardware, and communication. It will look at the choices we have today while architecting systems. The second part will deal with the dimensions that a Data Architect should deal with – Data Governance, Security, Fault tolerance, Disaster Recovery etc. The third section deals with formal Architecture frameworks like TOGAF. NIST, IndiaStack, MEGAF etc. The fourth portion will deal with contemporary architecture principles on the cloud especially using open-source and a few pointers while dealing with data-hungry AI systems. Finally, students shall look at a project and try to apply their learning.




Course Summary: Good design, impact of a design on various target audience, role of graphic designer, elements of design, principles of design, language as a communication tool, legibility and readability. Newspaper -Effect of television and magazines, design approach, form and format, design elements, books -anatomy, page layout, cover design, design approach, magazines – classification, editorial plan, design approach, posters – Indian context, strengths and weaknesses, rules, creativity, design approach, direct pieces -letterheads, business cards, envelopes, brochure, booklet, souvenir items – calendars and diary, website – factors to consider, importance of a site map, content creation, coordination of work between various departments, selection of colour. advertising commercials, corporate and industrial films -Designing for advertising – use of appeal, creativity and strategy, Design approach – SHDA (Stop Hold Desire Act formula), design execution, scratch, storyboard and final presentation, design approach, job flow and coordination between various departments.


This is a course that focuses on graphics as a tool for communication, be it through commercials, magazines, booklets etc. With an emphasis on colour and layout, the course doesn’t just teach to graphic designing, but how to format your work based on the required demographic. This course is designed to cater to creative minds with a purpose to channelize their imagination into fruitful destinations. The course introduces design elements and design principles, and how to handle them in various conditions that need to be considered based on target audiences. Students will study design aspects regarding newspaper templates, magazines, books, posters, letterheads, business cards, brochure, website (creative aspects only, not coding). Students will also study design aspects of commercial advertisements, corporate, and industrial films. The students while designing will utilise these concepts and design knowledge. Software training is not part of this course.



This is a course that focuses on the levels of safety any engineered system must provide and how to ensure this. With topics such as Accident Causation, Hazards etc. you will gain an insight into the machinery used in many industries.

Course Summary: Introduction to Safety Engineering, Industrial Accidents, Theories of Accident Causation, Introduction to Health and Toxic Substances, Environmental Control and Noise, Ventilation and its Design Principle, Personal Protection and First Aid, Fire Protection, Machine Guarding, Safeguarding the point of operation, Power presses, Grinding machines, Saws, Belts and Pulleys, Safety consideration regarding material handling and storage. Safety Requirement for Material Handling and Storage, Electrical Hazards, Employee Participation in Promoting Safety, Safety Training, Safety Committees, Teamwork Approach to Promoting Safety.



For all those BME lovers, this course is an in-depth version of the chapter taught in the first year. The course is about the working of IC engines, or engines that generate motive power by burning fuels, and includes topics such as supercharging, end engine electronics.

Course Summary: Introduction to IC engine, Analysis of air standard cycles, fuel-air cycles and actual cycles. Modes of combustion, Stages of combustion in SI & CI engines, factors influencing the stages of combustion, normal and abnormal combustion, Control of abnormal combustion in SI and CI engines. Combustion chambers in SI and CI engines. Supercharging & Turbo-charging, Analysis of Modern developments in IC engines like Wankel engine, Electronic injection systems in SI engines. Common Rail Direct Injection (CRDI) engines, Multi-point fuel injection. (MPFI) engines, dual-fuel engines, and stratified charge engines. Introduction to engine Electronics, typical engine management systems, position, displacement and speed sensing, pressure, temperature and air measurement systems, exhaust oxygen sensors.



Course Summary: Industrial feedback controllers, PID controllers, tuning methods, frequency response approach, computational optimization, modified PID scheme. Introduction to state-space analysis – state-space representations, eigen vectors and eigen values, transfer functions, state space modelling. Control system design in state space, solution of LTI state equation, controllability and observability, state feedback controllers, state observers Lyapunov stability analysis, quadratic optimal control. Types of nonlinearity, describing functions phase plane method, linearization techniques, MATLAB simulation, state-space modelling, feedback controllers, observers, regulator problems.

A course that blends mechanical and electrical engineering, backed with topics that use linear algebra, Mechatronics Systems would help build your knowledge in other fields.



Course Summary: Review of Crystal structure: Lattice, basis and unit cell, crystal system, symmetry, crystal planes and miller indices, reciprocal lattice, Bragg’s law, experimental methods of x-ray diffraction, types of crystal binding, analysis of stress and strain in crystals.
Electrical conduction: Free electron gas model, Sommerfield quantum theory, Fermi energy, parameters of free electron gas at absolute zero, electrical conductivity, Drude-Lorentz theory and Sommerfield theory of electrical conductivity, Band theory of solids, electrical conduction in metals, insulators and semiconductors
Dielectrics: Static dielectric constant, polarization and polarizability, local field, ferro electricity, piezo electricity, frequency dependence of polarizability (electronic, ionic and dipolar), dielectric losses, requirements of insulating materials, applications of dielectric materials
Magnetism: Classification of magnetic materials, classical theory of diamagnetism and paramagnetism, Weiss theory of ferromagnetism, ferrites, hard and soft magnetic materials, garnets, magnetic bubbles, ceramic magnets, applications of magnetic materials.

Offered by the Physics department, this elective will help you gain an in-depth knowledge of the solid-state. Students would learn fundamental properties of solids, to the Drude-Lorentz and Sommerfield’s theories, and much more.

Written by Ankush Nath, Sasha, and Uthkarsh Goel

Image Credits: The News Minute

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